Be it ordained by the authority aforesaid , That the estates, both of resident and nonresident proprietors in the said territory, dying intestate, shall descent to, and be distributed among their children, and the descendants of a deceased child, in equal parts; the descendants of a deceased child or grandchild to take the share of their deceased parent in equal parts among them: And where there shall be no children or descendants, then in equal parts to the next of kin in equal degree; and among collaterals, the children of a deceased brother or sister of the intestate shall have, in equal parts among them, their deceased parents' share; and there shall in no case be a distinction between kindred of the whole and half blood; saving, in all cases, to the widow of the intestate her third part of the real estate for life, and one third part of the personal estate; and this law relative to descents and dower, shall remain in full force until altered by the legislature of the district.
And until the governor and judges shall adopt laws as hereinafter mentioned, estates in the said territory may be devised or bequeathed by wills in writing, signed and sealed by him or her in whom the estate may be being of full age , and attested by three witnesses; and real estates may be conveyed by lease and release, or bargain and sale, signed, sealed and delivered by the person being of full age, in whom the estate may be, and attested by two witnesses, provided such wills be duly proved, and such conveyances be acknowledged, or the execution thereof duly proved, and be recorded within one year after proper magistrates, courts, and registers shall be appointed for that purpose; and personal property may be transferred by delivery; saving, however to the French and Canadian inhabitants, and other settlers of the Kaskaskies, St.
Descent, Part II (episode)
Vincents and the neighboring villages who have heretofore professed themselves citizens of Virginia, their laws and customs now in force among them, relative to the descent and conveyance, of property. Be it ordained by the authority aforesaid , That there shall be appointed from time to time by Congress, a governor, whose commission shall continue in force for the term of three years, unless sooner revoked by Congress; he shall reside in the district, and have a freehold estate therein in 1, acres of land, while in the exercise of his office.
There shall be appointed from time to time by Congress, a secretary, whose commission shall continue in force for four years unless sooner revoked; he shall reside in the district, and have a freehold estate therein in acres of land, while in the exercise of his office. It shall be his duty to keep and preserve the acts and laws passed by the legislature, and the public records of the district, and the proceedings of the governor in his executive department, and transmit authentic copies of such acts and proceedings, every six months, to the Secretary of Congress: There shall also be appointed a court to consist of three judges, any two of whom to form a court, who shall have a common law jurisdiction, and reside in the district, and have each therein a freehold estate in acres of land while in the exercise of their offices; and their commissions shall continue in force during good behavior.
The governor and judges, or a majority of them, shall adopt and publish in the district such laws of the original States, criminal and civil, as may be necessary and best suited to the circumstances of the district, and report them to Congress from time to time: which laws shall be in force in the district until the organization of the General Assembly therein, unless disapproved of by Congress; but afterwards the Legislature shall have authority to alter them as they shall think fit. The governor, for the time being, shall be commander in chief of the militia, appoint and commission all officers in the same below the rank of general officers; all general officers shall be appointed and commissioned by Congress.
Previous to the organization of the general assembly, the governor shall appoint such magistrates and other civil officers in each county or township, as he shall find necessary for the preservation of the peace and good order in the same: After the general assembly shall be organized, the powers and duties of the magistrates and other civil officers shall be regulated and defined by the said assembly; but all magistrates and other civil officers not herein otherwise directed, shall during the continuance of this temporary government, be appointed by the governor.
For the prevention of crimes and injuries, the laws to be adopted or made shall have force in all parts of the district, and for the execution of process, criminal and civil, the governor shall make proper divisions thereof; and he shall proceed from time to time as circumstances may require, to lay out the parts of the district in which the Indian titles shall have been extinguished, into counties and townships, subject, however, to such alterations as may thereafter be made by the legislature.
The representatives thus elected, shall serve for the term of two years; and, in case of the death of a representative, or removal from office, the governor shall issue a writ to the county or township for which he was a member, to elect another in his stead, to serve for the residue of the term. The general assembly or legislature shall consist of the governor, legislative council, and a house of representatives. The Legislative Council shall consist of five members, to continue in office five years, unless sooner removed by Congress; any three of whom to be a quorum: and the members of the Council shall be nominated and appointed in the following manner, to wit: As soon as representatives shall be elected, the Governor shall appoint a time and place for them to meet together; and, when met, they shall nominate ten persons, residents in the district, and each possessed of a freehold in five hundred acres of land, and return their names to Congress; five of whom Congress shall appoint and commission to serve as aforesaid; and, whenever a vacancy shall happen in the council, by death or removal from office, the house of representatives shall nominate two persons, qualified as aforesaid, for each vacancy, and return their names to Congress; one of whom congress shall appoint and commission for the residue of the term.
And every five years, four months at least before the expiration of the time of service of the members of council, the said house shall nominate ten persons, qualified as aforesaid, and return their names to Congress; five of whom Congress shall appoint and commission to serve as members of the council five years, unless sooner removed.
And the governor, legislative council, and house of representatives, shall have authority to make laws in all cases, for the good government of the district, not repugnant to the principles and articles in this ordinance established and declared. And all bills, having passed by a majority in the house, and by a majority in the council, shall be referred to the governor for his assent; but no bill, or legislative act whatever, shall be of any force without his assent.
The governor shall have power to convene, prorogue, and dissolve the general assembly, when, in his opinion, it shall be expedient. The governor, judges, legislative council, secretary, and such other officers as Congress shall appoint in the district, shall take an oath or affirmation of fidelity and of office; the governor before the president of congress, and all other officers before the Governor.
As soon as a legislature shall be formed in the district, the council and house assembled in one room, shall have authority, by joint ballot, to elect a delegate to Congress, who shall have a seat in Congress, with a right of debating but not voting during this temporary government. And, for extending the fundamental principles of civil and religious liberty, which form the basis whereon these republics, their laws and constitutions are erected; to fix and establish those principles as the basis of all laws, constitutions, and governments, which forever hereafter shall be formed in the said territory: to provide also for the establishment of States, and permanent government therein, and for their admission to a share in the federal councils on an equal footing with the original States, at as early periods as may be consistent with the general interest:.
It is hereby ordained and declared by the authority aforesaid, That the following articles shall be considered as articles of compact between the original States and the people and States in the said territory and forever remain unalterable, unless by common consent, to wit:. No person, demeaning himself in a peaceable and orderly manner, shall ever be molested on account of his mode of worship or religious sentiments, in the said territory. The inhabitants of the said territory shall always be entitled to the benefits of the writ of habeas corpus , and of the trial by jury; of a proportionate representation of the people in the legislature; and of judicial proceedings according to the course of the common law.
All persons shall be bailable, unless for capital offenses, where the proof shall be evident or the presumption great. We skied down outside the fence and crossed the course above the lip of the Mausefalle and then swung in below the landing, at the entrance to a section of hairpin turns called the Karussell. On race day, this patch would shatter the heel of an Austrian skier, Max Franz. Rahlves pointed uphill with a ski pole, sketching out the preferred line off the Mausefalle.
He was in a coma for two weeks. It felt like bad luck even to think of it. Everything about the course was nastier than it looked on TV. The route was narrower, more variable. The scale was oddly smaller, the threats closer at hand and closer together.
If the camera adds ten pounds, it subtracts ten degrees. It also obscures the variations in terrain—compressions, dropoffs, bumps, and grooves. Only in slow motion can you get a sense of what all this does to a pair of skis, and gain some appreciation for the skill and the strength required to keep them pointed downhill. And maybe only by standing on the Streif could one see what a puzzle of misdirection, pitch, purchase, and centrifugal force it is.
The transitions were abrupt, like traps. When people speak of ice, one imagines a smooth surface, but this had a nap to it, and a blue tint, from the food dye. The chatter of our skis sounded like a roar. After the Karussell came the Steilhang, which sounds like what it is: steep as hell. As the pitch fell away, my edges failed to bite. The slope dropped off into a pair of big swinging, off-camber turns. Bode Miller once came into it with so much pace that he had to ski up onto and along the face of the safety barrier, like a surfer climbing a wave.
The Steilhang exuded the full gloom of a north face at befogged dawn. In front of me, Addie Godfrey fell. Clattering past, I soon found myself at the fence, still on my feet.
The Hahnenkamm downhill has been cancelled eight times since the Second World War. On numerous other occasions, the course has been shortened, almost always by moving the start lower. In those instances, victory comes with a hidden asterisk. Owing to climate change, natural snow—winter—is less dependable than it used to be, especially in this part of the Alps and at this relatively low altitude.
But the advent, decades ago, of snowmaking and then of other snow-preparation techniques has made the course, and the entire World Cup tour, more reliable, more uniform. That evening, at the K. A crew arrays the tubes on the snow in a zigzag pattern and runs water through them. The nozzles can shoot water thirty centimetres deep.
Chasing the Moon
Evaporation cools the snow; capillary action distributes the water. This system was essential to course prep at the Olympics in Pyeongchang, Sochi, Vancouver, and Nagano, whose mild temperatures were not naturally conducive to a firm racing surface. Steinbach, who is seventy-two, has white-and-sandy hair that falls boyishly over his eyes. He holds two engineering degrees, more than four hundred patents, and a world championship for high-altitude hang gliding nearly thirty thousand feet above sea level, in an oxygen suit.
Steinbach coached the Lebanese ski team at the Olympics in Lake Placid, in He grew up racing and was a forerunner—the skiing version of a pace car—on the Hahnenkamm six times, starting in Well into the nineties, it was not uncommon for racers to wing over the rudimentary fencing and into the spectators, or the rocks and trees. Steinbach took me by his workshop, in a shopping center on the way to St.
He poured out cups of apple juice and gave a tour of his inventions. There were testimonials on the walls. I took him to Nagano in For fifteen years, Steinbach was one of eight course chiefs on the Streif, in charge of the Seidlalm section, and was responsible for adding a blind jump there, in That year, Franz Heinzer, a three-time winner, misjudged the line and landed in the fencing—and, ultimately, the hospital.
It ended his career. It began late in the morning. I was soon joined by a crew of ski-school instructors who had been deputized as Rutschkommandos to slip this part of the course after every five racers, to smooth out the snow. At one point, Franz Klammer came out of the start hut and stood with us—the Kaiser, the four-time winner here, the first downhiller whom I and many Americans had ever known, the man in the yellow suit, taking Olympic gold for the host nation at Innsbruck, in Two hours later, I ran into him again at a Legends Lunch held in a mountaintop restaurant, where local eminences dined on roasted suckling pig, and a guitar-and-piano duo covered Elton John, Billy Joel, and Louis Prima.
The Kaiser did not invite me to join him. The Weisswurst Party, which draws guests wearing traditional dress, is famous among Tyrolean high society. The fastest American in training that day was Wiley Maple.
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Maple did some fund-raisers back home and hired a friend from Aspen, a former racer named Sam Coffey, to be his ski technician. Maple is a rugged kid with long curly hair and a beard. This season had brought more rough luck. He fell ill before Bormio. It was also his first-ever helicopter ride, a distracting experience. The course suited him. His girlfriend and his parents had come to watch. The Lauberhorn had also undone Steven Nyman, the most decorated member of the team. He has eleven podiums—top-three finishes—in downhill, and two top tens on the Streif.
He still had a magnetic reflector pad on his stomach. A cell knows how to reboot itself, but it can lose its DNA code. Ski with vigor. That night, the K. The forecast called for weekend snow, so this was their only chance of getting the big race in. The slalom, now scheduled for Saturday, could be credibly staged during a storm. Our heart is beating for the sport. Race day. Packed trains pulled up, one after another, at the Hahnenkammbahn siding.
Spectators poured out. Everywhere you looked, revellers in funny hats caroused at open-air sheds hastily erected for the weekend. Eat, drink, sing. Klopfer is a bitter-cherry-and-vodka concoction available by the box. It is also the surname of an S. Might as well start puking now. The humans flowed uphill, converging toward the base of the Streif, amid a din of cowbells and air horns. Where the snow met the street, the downhillers, having completed their inspection run, pulled in against the spectator tide and shouldered their skis, to catch the gondola back up to the top.
Hannes Reichelt, an Austrian who won in , passed through unnoticed, as did Matteo Marsaglia, an Italian. Guests included winners of past races, Austrian dignitaries, and Arnold Schwarzenegger. The sky was overcast but bright, with wisps of cloud and light flurries. A battery of Austrian soldiers labored in soft snow to push-carry fans in wheelchairs to the stands, which ringed the finish area. Just downhill was the Kitz Race Club, a temporary but elaborate glass-and-metal building reserved for V. Paparazzi waited outside. Hansi Hinterseer, a local slalom champion turned pop star and film idol, had been sighted in a bright-yellow parka fringed with fur.
I peered in through the Race Club glass. Turtleneck sweaters, Swedish jeans, flutes of champagne. Excellent shoes, excellent hair. It made me think of another glassed-in space in town, the A. They had found that sport was not always priority. I worked my way up the course, outside the fence. From towers of speakers came the sounds of hair metal from the eighties and an announcer shouting sharply in German. Halfway up the Zielschuss, I passed through the Matthias Mayer fan club orange parkas and the Christian Walder fan club black parkas , before finding myself in the company of the Ski Club St.
Martin, enthusiasts from Switzerland, who were passing around a flask. Austrian troops snowplowed down the fringes of the course, to push aside fresh snow, and the public-address system began to play the national anthem, as the Swiss jeered and waved flags. The announcer introduced several guests of honor, including the Landeshauptmann. And then the race commenced. The racers flash by. To revere the Streif is in some ways to root for it. It was as if every year someone had to pay, to make the point. The ninth skier, an Austrian named Kriechmayr, came perilously close to the netting and then executed an acrobatic escape—off the course but spared an airlift.
By this time, Beat Feuz, a hydrant of a Swiss, who came within hundredths of a second of the win last year, held the lead, to the delight of my new friends from St. Martin, but he ceded the spot, several skiers later, to an Italian named Dominik Paris, the lead singer in a South Tyrolean death-metal band. Down in the finish area, the combatants mingled and laughed. Like, this is doable. Ganong gave him a fist bump. He was off his line. Careering below the blue ink, he was suddenly thrown into the air.
He soared over the Ziel for a moment, almost upside down, before landing hard and then sliding on his side for what seemed like several hundred yards. The racers had gone quiet—a ritual pall. Bennett glanced at the giant TV screen in the finish area and saw that Maple was at the top, about to start.
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Maple got the green light; he pushed out of the start and onto the Streif. Maple was skiing well. Halfway down, he was a little less than a second off the lead, and he tended to be fast at the bottom here. Then he got flagged and had to pull up. A helicopter came for the Swede. It took a while to remove him from the course.
Another helicopter came for Maple and dropped him off near the top. On the big screen, you could see him riding the magic carpet—a conveyor belt typically for beginners—towering over a bunch of little kids. It was a lot to ask a man to run the gnarliest downhill in the world twice, on dulled skis and depleted legs. Maple made it down, finishing almost three and a half seconds behind Paris—an eternity, in ski racing. At the bottom, he put on a wool sweater—he refused to wear U. Ski Team gear—and eventually, after receiving consolations from his peers, made his way out of the pen.
His parents, who looked stricken, were waiting for him. By now, most of the spectators had retreated to town. The street party kicked in. I did a few laps. Stately town houses and hotels in mint green, terra-cotta, mustard, ochre, and pink. A fourteenth-century Gothic church. Bogner, Moncler, Lacoste, Louis Vuitton.
As a day-drinking backdrop, it was almost comically grand. Bands of young men in red-and-white Dr. Seuss hats erupted in drinking chants. Inside, it was hard to move—or breathe, if you were accustomed to smokeless bars. I forced my way into an eddy by the bar and ordered a beer. The Londoner is famous especially for the tradition of the downhill winners, and other racers, stopping by late on the night following the big race, after they make the rounds in town.
They take off their shirts and get behind the bar and begin throwing beer on themselves and others. The bartenders tell them to fill two beers for each one a patron orders, and to douse him or her with the first one.
Didier Cuche, the Swiss who holds the record for the most Hahnenkamm wins, with five, had a tendency to turn the entire bar into a conga line. Annalena was living in St. Johann, in order to ski. Alexander was twenty-one and wore braces and a button-up shirt. He was studying international business and economics.